You know the deal; the more some folks learn about a topic, the more shortcuts/slang/acronyms/initials/technical jargon can be tossed around. I’m here to help you understand those sometimes mysterious words and phrases, thus - Wine Words Demystified! Since harvest is in full effect here in Northern California, I’ll be featuring harvest related terms the next several weeks!
This week’s word is Destemmer..
According to Karen MacNeil‘s The Wine Bible:
A machine that separates the stems from the grapes. When combined with a crusher, it is called a crusher-destemmer. juice that runs – freely – simply as the result of the weight of the grapes, before any mechanical pressure is applied in a PRESS
Essentially, when grapes are placed in a destemmer, there are paddles that gently beat the grape making it jump off the stem. The stems are ejected from the machine. The used stems may be used for fertilizer in high pH soils.
With crusher-destemmer, the grapes are then dropped into a vessel where the crusher gently breaks the berry, but not the seed.
Here’s a cool video that shows a small scale crusher-destemmer in action:
- Wine Words Demystified: Free-Run Juice (enofylzwineblog)