Five Year Blogiversary!

Today marks five years since I started sharing my vinous adventures with you here on ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.  What an wonderful and exciting five years it’s been!  I have written 630 posts and tasted thousands of wines.

I’ve had the pleasure of meeting so many wonderful folks along  the way including many wonderful people in the wine industry, as well as fellow wine enthusiasts.  Not to mention the many “virtual”  friends who are also writer/bloggers.  While we’ve not met yet in real life we share my passion for great wine and food. I sincerely hope we get a chance to share a glass or three of wine and a meal one day!

5-year-anniversary-e1391461523435

Over these last five years I’ve welcomed many opportunities I’ve had to expand my palate and taste wines from all around the world through private tastings with the Pacific Pointe Wine Club, a multitude of virtual tastings, samples tastings, trade tastings, and other events.

There are many highlights but top of mind for me are:

  • Media trip to Champagne
  • Being included in the The 103 Best Wine Blogs That You Can’t Miss
  • I was a the top of Google search results for “Best Wines To Pair with Paella” until Google changed their algorithm to reward mobile friendly sites a few months ago. It’s hands-down my most popular post.
  • Became a correspondent for the American Winery Guide.

blogiversary2013

A few thanks:

First and foremost to my wife who has supported my passion for wine and writing. She’s has been with me every step of the way. She’s offered some great advice, an occasional kick in the butt.  She’s also been my photographer and food stylist.  Te amo mi corazon!

Also, I owe a debt of gratitude to the incomparable Richard Jennings who has inspired and encouraged me more than he knows.

And of course…Thank you so much to all of my readers!  I love wine and love sharing that passion with you through this blog.  I am humbled that you care to read what I write.

Here’s to another great wine-filled year together!

_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, yoga, hiking, and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine. Since I’m a wino with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine Blog. All rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; Week of July 12th

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended July 12th, 2015.

2011 Urban Legend Barbera Cooper Ranch - Retail $27
Dark ruby color with appealing cherry, red currant, damp earth, vanilla and a bit of dried herb aromas. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied, intense with very lively acidity and a smooth texture with ample cherry, red currant, cola and baking spice flavors. Has in interesting hint of salinity. Delicious! 14.3% alcohol Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2010 Dashe Cellars Zinfandel Dry Creek Valley - Retail $24
Violet color with lifted baked cherry, lavender, dark chocolate, and brambly aromas. With some time in the glass takes on a bit of savory aromatics. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied, and well structured showing lively acidity, a smooth texture and soft well-integrated tannins with black cherry, red currant, and spice flavors with a very giving finish. 13.7% alcohol.  This is a well balance food friendly Zinfandel. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2011 Carlisle Grand Noir Dommen Ranch - Retail $19
Inky purple color with black fruit, dried mushroom and white pepper aromas that are more savory than fruity. On the palate it’s medium-bodied with vibrant acidity, and slightly tannic with ample blackberry, black currant, plum fruit flavors, along with spicy and earthy notes which give the wine a rustic character. Long finish. Approachable now, but will benefit from further aging. This wine’s acidity makes it food friendly, and it has savory character to it. Would have paired nicely with a burger or steak…or a veggie burger made with portobello mushroom! Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2014 Château du Rouët Côtes de Provence Cuvée Réservée Tradition - Retail $15.99
Pale salmon color with peach skin, strawberry and cherry aromas. On the palate it’s fresh with peach, tart strawberry, and cherry flavors with a bit of minerality and a solid finish. Nice value at $16  I enjoyed this with Very Good; 86-88 pts

Wine of the Week

It was a wonderful week for wine.  I always enjoy trying new to me grapes/wines.  The new to me grape I tried this week was Grand Noir de la Calmette (a.k.a. Grand is a 1855 cross of Petit Bouschet with Aramon noir. It’s a teinturier (from French, meaning to dye or to tint) grape, meaning it’s red-fleshed and red-juiced (red grapes typically have clear juice). The Carlisle Grand Noir was wonderful, but needs more time IMO.  On the other side of the time equation was the Dashe Cellars Dry Creek Valley Zinfandel, a blend of grape from throughout Dry Creek Valley.  It’s their entry-level Zin with a few years aging on it, and it’s showing beautifully now!  My first Rosé from Provence this year was very good.  It’s one I haven’t previously tried.  I’m not sure I’d buy another bottle.  Not because this because I didn’t like this one…I’ve have quite a few more from Provence and other regions I’d like to try…

My Wine of the Week is the 2011 Urban Legend Barbera Cooper Ranch

Urban Legend is a small urban winery located in Oakland, California near Jack London Square.  The winery is owned and operated by husband and wife team of Steve and Marilee Shaffer.  As is so often the case with small wineries, the two had other careers before deciding to pursue their winemaking dream.

Marilee’s  past careers include academic research to discover effective bacterial vaccines, development of molecular cloning methods with a focus on DNA sequencing, and biotech equipment sales engineering and marketing (ask about her exhibit at the Smithsonian). Steve had a career in engineering, with designing computer and telecom systems.

Urban legends are remarkable but often apocryphal stories that spread like wildfire. Urban Legend is a winery in a city—almost an apocryphal story in itself—that makes remarkable wines.

What I’ve appreciated about Urban Legend over the years is their focus on producing wine from Italian grape varieties.  On my first visit, on the strength of a recommendation from a friend, I specifically went to taste there outstanding Teroldego.  I’ve been a fan ever since.

More recently they’ve diversified their lineup to include producing wines from Rhone grapes.

If you get a chance, I highly recommend stopping by for a taste!

IMG_3137 From the winery…Cooper Ranch is set in the rolling hills just outside of Plymouth, California, full of Amador’s rocky, red granite soil. Dick’s father, Stan, began planting Barbera here in the late ’50′s, far ahead of everyone else in Amador County. Some of the vines date back more than 50 years to these original plantings. Like an old vine Zin, the Coopers head train their Barbera vines, a strategy that, while labor intensive, concentrates flavors while maintaining bright acidity.

My Food and Wine Pairing of the Week is the 2014 Château du Rouët Côtes de Provence Cuvée Réservée Tradition with Courgette & Goat Cheese Ciabatta.  Rose and Goat Cheese.  Need I say more?

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated

_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine. Since I’m a wino with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; July 5th, 2015

Over the course of  the last several weeks (I have fallen woefully behind to due my usual weekly post due to work and travel. I’ll catch up next week) my wife and I drank a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Here’s a recap of the most memorable (wines I particularly enjoyed, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out) wines we’ve enjoyed over the last several weeks.

2013 Tablas Creek Patelin de Tablas Blanc - Retail – $20

From the winery – The Tablas Creek Vineyard Patelin de Tablas Blanc is a blend of four white Rhône varietals: Grenache Blanc, Viognier, Roussanne, and Marsanne. The wine incorporates fruit from eleven top Rhone vineyards in Paso Robles, each vineyard selected for its quality. Like many white wines from the Southern Rhône, it is based on the crisp acids and rich mouthfeel of Grenache Blanc, with Viognier added for floral, tropical aromatics, and small additions of Roussanne and Marsanne for structure.

IMG_2881

Pale yellow color with appealing stone fruit, melon, white flowers and a bit a mineral aromas. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied and well structured with zesty acidity, and a wonderful texture. It shows apricot, peach, and lemon zest flavors with a lingering mineral laced finish. Blend of 54% Grenache Blanc,25% Viognier,13% Roussanne
and 8% Marsanne Superb value at $20! Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2014 Bedrock Wine Co. Mourvedre Ode to Lulu Old Vine Rosé - Retail – $19

From the wineryLike the last few years, this rosé comes from vines planted prior to 1940 (or perhaps we should say prior to FDR’s third term). Picked specifically for rosé, at lower potential alcohol and whole-cluster pressed, this pale and perfumed rosé belies its lighter color and has plenty of density.  The backbone of the wine is the ancient Mourvedre—with all of its coniferous perfume and spice—with dashes of Cemetary Vineyard Carignane… and Evangelho…

IMG_2941

Pink copper color with savory strawberry, blood orange, spice and a hints of mineral aromas. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied, fresh and focused with a very appealing hint of tannins. It shows tart, strawberry, tangerine, blood orange, mineral and spice flavors, with a very giving savory finish. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2013 Casale Della Ioria Cesanese del Piglio Tenuta Della Ioria - Retail – $24.99

Cesanese (“chae-sah-NAE-say”) is an ancient red wine grape indigenous to Lazio.  It’s quite possible that Cesanse was local wine of ancient Rome because the grape existed in the region during pre-Roman times. Cesanese del Piglio DOCG is considered the best Cesanese wine, made with 100% Cesanese grapes from the Frosinone Province.  The wine reminds me of a cross between Pinot Noir and Cabernet Franc.  Among the many things I enjoyed about this wine is that takes a chill quite well. I’ll be adding it to my (short) list of chillable reds.

IMG_3048

The wine is a dark ruby color with promising red fruit, juniper, and forest floor aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied and fresh with a very smooth texture, and a subtle savory character. It shows distinctive Morello cherry, red mulberry, hints of red currant, black olive and vanilla flavors with an earthy undertone. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

I paired this wine with Sausage, Pepper and Mushroom Spiedini with Grilled Truffled Polenta. It was a fantastic pairing!

2012 Turley Zinfandel Sadie Upton - Retail ~$40

From the winery – We are honored to be working with this jewel of a vineyard in Amador County, whose story is almost as compelling as the wine itself. In 1922, smack-dab in the middle of Prohibition and while her husband was away working for the railroad, a then 21-year-old Sadie Upton decided she was going to plant herself a vineyard near their home at 1500 feet near Plymouth, CA. Now, 92 years later, the vines are still kicking, in the gumption-riddled tradition of their creator.

IMG_2943

Dark ruby color with black cherry, rose petals, violets, with hints of eucalyptus, and graphite aromas. A bit hot on the nose, but it blew off after a couple of minutes. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied with dusty well-integrated tannins, and a supple texture with dried cherry, pomegranate, raspberry, spice, and mineral flavors. Long finish. Outstanding; 92-95 pts

2014 Wind Gap Wines Rosé North Coast - Retail – $19

Wind Gap is one of three labels of Pax Mahle.  After being very impressed with his Syrah at this year’s Rhone Ranger tasting, I was eager to try his Wind Gap wines.  We tasted through quite a few of his wine a couple of month’s ago.  We picked up this wine.  Wish I’d purchased more!

From the winery -Whole-Cluster pressed Nebbiolo and Dolcetto from the Fox Hill Vineyard give this wine a wild, flamboyant personality. Explosive fruit and delicious acidity make this one hard to put down. The Nebbiolo gives the wine a bit of tannin that elevates this from being a simple wine to one that will compliment most foods. 55% Nebbiolo 35% Dolcetto 10% Pinot Noir/Grenache/Syrah. 70% Concrete Fermentation; 30% Stainless Steel Fermentation. 3-Month élevage in Neutral French Oak and Stainless Steel; Finished in Stainless Steel for 8 weeks

IMG_2945


Pink orange color with appealing red fruit, and rose petal aromas. On the palate, it’s medium bodied with a wonderful mouth-watering acidity and a nice grip courtesy of the Nebbiolo with tart strawberry and cherry flavors and a lingering finish. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts . This wine was fantastic with Paella Mixta!

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated

_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine. Since I’m a wino with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

 

 

 

Wines At Our Table; Week of June 7th, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended June 7th, 2015.

2013 Sandlands Trousseau Noir - Retail – $28
Bing cherry color with appealing and lifted pomegranate, cherry aromas and floral aromas complemented by hints of clay, and mint. On the palate it’s light-bodied,refreshing and well structured with an elegant, savory, and alluring character. It shows pomegranate, cherry, a bit of spice flavor and very giving finish. Outstanding; 92-95 pts

2011 Carlisle Three Birds - Retail $23
Ruby color with smokey kirsch, baked plum, raspberry and a hint of white pepper aromas. On the palate, it medium-bodied with a supple texture, and dusty well-integrated tannins. It shows cherry, raspberry and sweet spice flavors with an appealing minerality, and a lengthy finish. Blend of 78% grenache, 16% mourvedre and 6% syrah, from 5 different sites. 14.9% alcohol. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2011 Azienda Agricola Tenuta San Francesco Costa d’Amalfi Quattrospine Riserva Tramonti - Retail – $35
Garnet color with intriguing smoke, leather, baked mixed berry, white pepper, roast anise and a hint of balsamic. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied, and well structured with mouth-watering acidity, wonderful depth and richness with firm tannins owing to the Aglianico. It shows, black cherry, raspberry, licorice, peppery spice and bittersweet chocolate flavors and a very giving finish. A blend of Aglianico, Tintore and Piedirosso from pre-phylloxera 100 year-old vines. Outstanding; 92-95 pts

2013 Vietti Roero Arneis - Retail $23
Very pale yellow-green color with pretty stone fruit, white flower, citrus and a hint of hazelnut aromas. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied, crisp, persistent, moderately complex, and well structured. It shows peach, apricot, and bit of melon flavors with a complementary mineral note and wonderful length. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

Wine of the Week

It was a wonderful week for wine.  I always enjoy trying new to me grapes/wines.  I tried a couple from Italy that we winners.  The first was a white made from the Arneis grape.  I’ve enjoyed Arneis before, but this was my first from Italy, home of the grape!  The second was a red wine produced (mostly) from a grape I’ve enjoyed before Aglianico, but with a a couple of other new to me grapes(Tintore and Piedirosso) in the blend.  It never ceases to amaze me how many different grape varieties Italy has!  

The Carlisle Three Birds Rhone blend is a perennial favorite, and it offers very good value.

My Wine of the Week is the 2013 Sandlands Trousseau Noir.  If you’ve not had Trousseau (aka Bastardo – how’s that for a name!) The grape is indigenous to the Jura region of France.  The wines it can produce can be highly alcoholic, but this one was only 12.8% alcohol.  In terms of texture, it reminded me of Pinot Noir.  Fruit for this wine was sourced from the  Bohan Vineyard in Cazadero on the Sonoma Coast.  The vineyard is planted at 1400 feet and is about 3 miles from the Pacific Ocean.  The Trousseau sits in gravelly loam soils derived from sandstone and shale. 5 barrels produced.

Sandlands is the personal project of Tegan and Olivia Passalacqua. The line-up encompasses the forgotten classic California varieties, primarily grown in decomposed granite (sand), from regions and vineyards that have been farmed for many generations but have remained the outliers of California viticulture. 

Primarily head-trained, dry-farmed and own rooted, the vineyards we work with harken back to California’s roots of exploration, wonder, and hard work.

Wines At Our Table; June 7th, 2015

Passalacqua’s “day job” is winemaker and viticulturist  for Turley Wine Cellars. He, along with Morgan Twain-Peterson of Bedrock Wine Co., were just honored as Winemakers of the Year by San Francisco Chronicle Wine Editor, Jon Bonné.  He was also featured prominently in Bonné’sThe New California Wine – A Guide to the Producers and Wines Behind a Revolution in Taste. 

They don’t make much wine.  But what they do make that I’ve been able to try has been fantastic stuff.  Highly recommended.

Sandlands wines are available via a mailing list

My Food and Wine Pairing of the Week is the Tenuta San Francesco Quattrospine Riserva Tramonti with Polenta and Sausage Ragu.

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated

_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine. Since I’m a wino with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; Week of May 31st, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended May 31st, 2015.

2011 Carlisle The Derivative White - Retail $28
Consistent with prior review – Lemon yellow color with intriguing pear, lychee, lemon oil, grapefruit pith, and a subtle bergamot leaf aromas. On the palate, it’s medium bodied, and wonderfully textured with very good acidity and charming apricot, orange,and grapefruit and mineral flavors. and fl Blend of 66% Semillon, 24% Muscadelle, and 10% Chaselas (aka Palomino); It’s a modern-day version of Hock, a white blend that was popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s 13.7% alcohol Outstanding; 92-95 pts

2009 Copain Pinot Noir Les Voisins - Retail $42
Dark ruby color fading toward tawny at the rim with appealing earthy, savory cardamom laced red fruits, plum, and sandalwood aromas on the palate it’s medium bodied and harmonious fruit.acidity and velvety tannins with bing cherry, plum, raspberry spice and a pleasing minerality. Lingering finish.Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2011 Buehler Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon Papa’s Knoll - Retail $45
Garnet color, and nicely aromatic with black fruit, leather, spice and toasty oak aromas and just touch of heat. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied with a supple texture, very good acidity and soft well-integrated tannins. It shows black currant, blackberry, black cherry, cassis and a bit of spice flavors.  Very good; 86-88 pts

2013 Kosta Browne Chardonnay One Sixteen - Retail $58
Pale golden color with appealing apple, melon, mandarin orange, key lime zest, and a bit of orange blossom aromas. On the palate, it’s rich, round, and shows generous acidity with ample melon, mandarin orange, key lime zest, vanilla and a bit of brown spice flavors. Flat out delicious! Long finish. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

Wine of the Week

It was a delightful week for wine!  That was due to both the quality of the wines, and the location in which a couple of them were consumed…Kauai!

This is the second time we’ve brought Carlisle’s Derivative on a trip with us.  It’s a food friendly delicious white blend that pairs well with seafood, and I knew there would be plenty of that to be had.  Likewise, if you’re in BYOB mode for travel, you Pinot Noir is always a good choice, and Copain Pinot Noir is a great choice IMHO!  If you’re looking to get off the well-worn and beaten path in Napa Valley, they’ve got some very good wines, and great property, and you’ll get a great tour…for free (well the wines is not free)!

My Wine of the Week is the 2013 Kosta Browne Chardonnay One Sixteen. Sebastopol-based Kosta Browne Winery makes some of California’s most in-demand wines.  The winery has made a name for itself by offering high-end pinot noir sold on a direct-to-consumer model, accounting for about 90 percent of sales. The other 10 percent of its wine is sold in restaurants.  They opened a new winery was in 2013 at The Barlow in Sebastopol, occupying three buildings that are customized to suit the winery’s needs. The winery is not open to the public.  The winery is operations are run by original partners Dan Kosta, Michael Browne and Chris Costello.

How in demand are the wines?

According to Kosta Browne...”Generally, the wait for the Appellation wines is 2-3 years and the wait for the Single Vineyard wines is another 3-5 years beyond that”  But we spent about 4.5 years on the wait list before we were able to order the Appellation wines (two Pinot Noirs; one each from the Russian River Valley and Sonoma Coast, and this wine)

We spent about 4.5 years on the waiting list before we were able to order our first wines

Flavorful, intense wines – that is our goal. We believe every wine should be bursting with flavor. This intensity should be part of a greater balance. We find that each of our vineyards has its own “sweet spot” of balance. It is our charge to guide each vineyard to its optimum flavor potential. – Kosta Browne

The wine is named after the Gravenstein Highway 116 which cuts through the town of Sebastapol.  Grapes for this wine were sourced from  various vineyard sites in Russian River Valley including, Boudreaux, Charles Ranch, El Diablo, Keefer, Ritchie, Ulises Valdez and Zio Tony vineyards. Multiple clones are utilized depending on the vineyard. It’s  95% barrel fermented and aged in 39% new French oak for 15 months, 5% concrete fermented. ·

IMG_2850

This wine paired very well with Spicy Tuna Poke!

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated
_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; Week of May 24th, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended May 24th, 2015.

My wife and I are vacationing in Kauai this week.  I thought I might take a week off from writing.  But here I am, on this lazy afternoon, after getting up to catch the sunrise and a strenuous hike up the Sleeping Giant Trail

Writing!

2011 Loring Wine Company Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills - Retail $25
Dark ruby color with raspberry, pomegranate, cherry, cardamom and baking spice aromas. On the palate, it’s medium bodied, and fresh with a very supple texture with raspberry, cherry, pomegranate and spice flavors. Satisfying finish. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2013 Stage Left Cellars Central Coast Rosé - Retail $20
Vivid pink with an orange hue and slightly cloudy color with red fruit, blood orange, and hints of spice and floral aromas. On the palate, it’s medium/full-bodied with tangy acidity, a touch of savory character, dusty soft tannins that enhance its supple texture. It shows wild strawberry, raspberry, cranberry and piquant spice flavors with a bit of minerality on the lingering tart finish.  Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2009 Viña Eguía Rioja Reserva - Retail $8
Dark ruby color with appealing red fruit, tobacco, dried herb, vanilla and spice aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied, and smooth with soft tannins, and good acidity. It shows fresh dark red cherry, vanilla,and spice flavors and a lingering finish. Very good; 86-88 pts

Wine of the Week

For a change, it was an easy call for which wine would be my Wine of the Week!  As I mentioned we’re vacationing in Kauai.  We, as is our wont when we travel, brought along several bottles of wine.

This bottle of wine disappeared all too quickly one afternoon.  If that’s not a Wine of the Week, I don’t know what is!

The wine is the 2013 Stage Left Cellars Central Coast Rosé.  Stage Left Cellars is located in Oakland California.  It’s among of the best of what I consider to be the best urban wine region in the US, the East Bay.

From the winery…

So you found us. That must mean you share a passion for great wine, great friends, and new experiences. Or you’re just lost.

Basically, making wine is our gig. We don’t make much, but that whole quality over quantity thing tends to rule the Stage Left wine roost. As crazy as we are with quality, it’s only one piece of the puzzle at Stage Left. The real name of the game is to make wine that moves you. Sure, it’s a lofty goal. But bridging the gap between mere drink and lasting memories is why we got into this crazy business in the first place. Besides, everyone needs an exit strategy.

Stage Left handcrafts small lot wines from our favorite varietals like Syrah, Viognier, Grenache, and Mourvedre. And Petite Sirah. And a little Roussanne. Boy do we like Roussanne. But we admit, even though we focus on Rhone varietals, other varietals like Cabernet and Zinfandel may make a cameo appearance every now and then. That way we can keep you on your toes.

From me…

I’ve been digging these wines for years.  I don’t exactly recall how I was introduced to their wine, but over the years, I’ve tasted the wines at many events.  They’re only open the first weekend of the month, and I’m usually hanging out with my daughter that weekend.  So I don’t visit as often as I’d like (probably better for the budget though;-)

The wine is a blend of 90% Syrah, 5% Grenache, 5% Carignane; Camp 4 Vineyard, Santa Barbara County. 13% alcohol

slrose

We paired this wine with Ahi Tuna Fish Tacos!  It was an awesome pairing and my Food and Wine Pairing of the Week!

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my wine reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated
_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

#WineWednesday Review: A Taste of Robert Mondavi Napa Valley

From time to time, I receive wines samples for review from wineries or their public relations agencies.  I feature such samples on here on #WineWednesday Review. This week I’m featuring (a.k.a. catching up on samples;-) trio of current releases from  Robert Mondavi Winery collection of Napa Valley wines.  

The Winery

The Robert Mondavi Winery was established in 1966 by Robert Mondavi, one of the most influential and esteemed winemakers in California history (Click here for his story).  It was the first major winery built in Napa Valley. For decades it was California’s most famous winery.  It was acquired by Constellation Brands in 2004.

It’s a beautiful property with classic California mission-style architecture, with an expansive archway and bell tower.  I must confess I haven’t been in a long time.  I recall visiting on one of my first trips to Napa.  Nowadays, I tend to visit the smaller wineries.  But, I’ve been impressed with their reserve wines.  I’ve also been impressed with a few of their entry-level wines  In particular the Napa Valley Merlot, and the Private Selection Meritage provide very good to great price quality performance.

The wines

Robert Mondavi’s original vision was to produce wines from the Napa Valley that would stand in the company of the world’s finest. These wines are sourced from the finest appellations in the Napa Valley including Oakville, Stag’s Leap, Carneros and other select vineyard sites. The wines are blended together to create wines of complexity and elegance made possible by the diversity of these vineyard sites.

2013 Robert Mondavi Winery Fumé Blanc

The Original Fumé Blanc. Robert Mondavi created the term in 1966 to distinguish his dry Sauvignon Blanc from the sweeter-styled Sauvignon Blanc wines made at the time. It’s a blend of 90% Sauvignon Blanc & 10% Semillon. Napa Valley – 89% (61% Wappo Hill Vineyard, 20% To Kalon Vineyard) and Mendocino County – 11%.  14.5% alcohol; Retail – $20

Sixty percent of the juice was barrel fermented for added richness and complexity, with eight percent in new French oak. The balance underwent a cool fermentation in stainless steel to heighten the vibrant fruity and herbal flavors. The new wine was aged for five months in 60-gallon French oak barrels, sûr lie (on the yeast lees) and hand stirred twice a month for a creamy texture and seamless integration of flavors. The addition of 10% Semillon gives the final blend a broader mouth feel and enhanced complexity.

IMG_2447

My tasting notes follow:

Pale yellow with a green hued color with grapefruit, white flower, and low-key grassy aromas. On the palate, it’s light-bodied, fresh and nicely balanced with grapefruit, key lime, and a kiss of herbal flavors. Lengthy finish.  This is my kind of Sauvignon Blanc! Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

Pair with: Mussels in White Wine.  We did, and it was a fabulous pairing!

2012 Robert Mondavi Winery Cabernet Sauvignon Napa Valley

The wine is a blend of 88% Cabernet Sauvignon, 6% Cabernet Franc, 4% Merlot, 1% Petit Verdot, & 1% Malbec  14.5 alcohol. Retail – $28 

The new wine was drained and gently pressed into 15% new French oak barrels for malolactic fermentation, assuring seamless integration of fruit and oak. The final blend was assembled through repeated tasting trials over the 16 months of barrel aging, and bottled in June of 2014

IMG_2450

My tasting notes follow:

Dark ruby color with aromatic, blackberry, black currant, a bit of tobacco, eucalyptus and violet aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied, and well made with an appealing texture, dusty tannins, and good acidity with blackberry, black currant, black cherry, and a hint of dark chocolate flavors. Lingering sweet finish.  Approachable now, it should age well in the short-term (2-5 years)   Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

Pair with: Short Ribs Bourguignon or your favorite burgers!

2013 Robert Mondavi Winery Pinot Noir

Sourced from the Napa Valley side of the Carneros growing area

IMG_1616

My tasting notes follow:

Ruby color with restrained raspberry, red plum, earth and a bit of spice aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied showing a nice balance of fruit, acid and tannins with raspberry, strawberry, a bit of plum, earth and pronounced spice flavors. Med finish. Very good; 86-88 pts

Pair with: Herb Crusted Pork Tenderloin or Cedar Plank Salmon

These wines are a great example of the advantages of a winery the size of Robert Mondavi – economy of scale, and breadth of their offerings. They produce wines at all price/quality levels along the wine spectrum from budget to super-premium wines.  There’s something for everyone!

I want to highlight the value these wines offer. I was especially impressed with the value both the Sauvignon Blanc and the Cabernet Sauvignon offer. Both are wines I’d highly recommend!  

Wines provided as a samples for review.  Many thanks to Folsom & Associates & Robert Mondavi Winery

Follow my wine reviews on Vivino and Delectable

__________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers!

This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; May 10th, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended May 10th, 2015.

2010 JC Cellars Grenache The Fallen Angel El Diablo - Retail – $42

Opaque violet color with appealing kirsch, blackberry, Herbs de Provence, and white pepper aromas. On the palate, medium-bodied, with good acidity and fine-grained well-integrated tannins with baked black cherry, blackberry, black raspberry and espresso flavors, and a bit of minerality, and a lingering finish. Russian River fruit. 50/50 Grenache and Syrah. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2013 Campovida Viognier Estate Grown - Retail – $38

Pale golden-yellow color with appealing white peach, apricot, honey, and a hint of floral aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied, fresh, and persistent with focused peach, melon, apricot, and honey flavors. Lingering finish Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2008 Big Basin Vineyards Syrah Fairview Ranch - Retail – $48 

Opaque violet color with appealing roasted meat, roasted black fruit, smoke and a hint of truffle aromas. On the palate it’s medium bodied with very good acidity and soft well-integrated tannins and a hint of minerality with concentrated roast boysenberry, plum, blueberry and hickory flavors. Long finish. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2003 Roederer Estate L’Ermitage Brut - Retail $48

Pale straw yellow color with abundant tiny bubbles with bread crust, baked apple, and hazelnut aromas. On the palate, it shows a delicate creamy mousse with mineral accented baked apple and pear, toasted hazelnut, apricot and a hint of spiced vanilla flavors. Long finish. 12.1% alcohol –  Outstanding; 92-95 pts

Wine of the Week 

The Campovida Viognier is one of our favorite Viognier.  Campovida is interesting because it’s a family owned and operated certified organic farm and working vineyard. With a retreat center. I had, what I think was, the last of my 2008 vintage wines that was smoke-tainted by the wild fires in California that year, Big Basin did a good job of making lemonade out of lemons, and I found the smokiness to be appealing.  

My Wine of the Week is the 2003 Roederer Estate L’Ermitage Brut.

Roederer Estate is the American outpost of Champagne Louis Roederer.  Their Estate Brut is my favorite under $20 (when on sale) multi-vintage California sparkling wine. We picked up this wine during our last visit to their beautiful winery a couple of years ago.

Their 580-acre family owned estate vineyard and winery are located in the Anderson Valley.  It’s a blend of  52% Chardonnay, 48% Pinot Noir with 4% aged reserve wine (vintage ’99). It was aged 5.5 years in French oak cask + at least 6 month in bottle prior to release.  It’s an outstanding vintage bottle of California sparkling wine that a relative bargain too! The latest release can be found for $39.99 at K&L Wine merchants.

I had the pleasure of meeting Chef de Caves and  Executive Vice-President in charge of the production Jean-Baptiste Lecaillon while visiting Champagne Louis Roederer last fall. He told us that he checks in on Roederer Estate a couple of time a year.

IMG_1187

The Roederer winemaking philosophy has guided the development of Roederer Estate, located 125 miles north of San Francisco near the Mendocino Coast. Since 1982, Roederer Estate winery has been quietly developing its own vineyards and crafting fine wines from the Anderson Valley. Roederer Estate’s Anderson Valley Brut debuted in October 1988 followed by the winery’s first vintage cuvée,L’Ermitage, in 1989, released in the fall of 1993.

Logo2HighRes_9

L’Ermitage, Roederer Estate’s special Tête de Cuvée, is a sparkling wine made only in exceptional years from pre-selected, estate-grown grapes. Carrying on the tradition of Champagne Louis Roederer in France, Roederer Estate produces its sparkling wines in the traditional French methode and adds special oak-aged reserve wines to each blend. 

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated
_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; Week of April 19th, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; for the week ended April 19th, 2015.

2011 Loring Wine Company Pinot Noir Santa Lucia Highlands - Retail $25
Ruby color with muted earth, plum, cranberry and spice aromas. A tad hot. On the palate, it’s medium-bodied with a supple texture and plum, cranberry, and spice flavors. Medium finish. Very good; 86-88 pts

2013 Copain P2 - Retail $25
Interesting 50/50 blend of Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris. Reminds me a bit of Beaujolais. Strawberry, a bit of cherry and hints of floral and spiced orange rind aromas. Strawberry, spice mineral palate with a bit of tannins. Very nice chillable red that very good on its own, but really shines with food! Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2010 Bedrock Wine Co. Syrah Sonoma Coast - Retail $20
Dark ruby color with black fruit, charcoal, olive and a bit of violet aromas. On the palate, it’s fresh with well-integrated dusty tannins and an appealing smooth texture with high-toned blackberry , plum, a hint of black raspberry, bittersweet chocolate flavors, and a lingering savory graphite laced finish. 14.4 alcohol Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

Wine of the Week 

It was a busy week for us!  We went out three night to either an event or dinner with friends.  Which means we didn’t drink as much wine as we usually do.  The standout Wine of the Week is the 2010 Bedrock Wine Co. Syrah Sonoma Coast. 

Bedrock Wine Co. (“BWC”) was founded in 2007 by Morgan Twain-Peterson in a 550 square-foot, former chicken coop with 8 foot ceilings and no fermentation space. After six years of Bedrock being a one-man-show, Morgan was able to talk his best friend, Chris Cottrell, into moving to California from New York to join him a couple of years ago.  They now happily have a little more space to move around in but share the same objectives that guided the winery at the start.

The winery’s objectives are:

  • To channel the fruit of ancient vines into powerful, elegant, and distinctly Californian wines. They make fabulous field blends!
  • To spread the gospel of Syrah in California by sourcing fruit from great terroirs throughout the North Coast. This wine is exhibit “A” .  It offers amazing value, and makes me want to drink more Syrah
  • To proclaim the greatness of Sonoma Valley Cabernet Sauvignon by sparing no expense on wines of uniqueness and personality.  A Bedrock Cab won our wine tasting clubs blind tasting a couple of months ago in a landslide!
  • To reclaim rose’ from the excesses of saignee and focus on precision, delicacy, aromatics, and food friendliness.  BWC makes a vin gris style  rosé that is a perennial favorite!
  • To make fascinating and quixotic white wines from unique sites and interesting varietals.  BWC makes an outstanding Albariño, as well as other distinguished white wines
  • To dream big but keep production low!  Not mentioned here, but they’ve managed to keep the prices very fair (so far) even as demand for their wines is increasing.

I’m a fan…Bedrock is crushing it in my book!

IMG_2104-001

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my wine reviews on Vivino and Delectable

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated
_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.

Wines At Our Table; Week of April 5th, 2015

Over the course of a week, my wife and I drink a bunch o’wine – almost always with food. Since I’ve always been fascinated by wine at the table with food, I thought it would be fun to recap not only the wines we’ve been drinking, but also how they pair (or don’t pair) with the foods at our table.  It features my pick for Wine of the Week - a  wine I particularly enjoy, whether it’s something new and different, is a great value, or from a producer worth checking out; and my Food and Wine Pairing of the Week for the week ended April 5th, 2015.

2010 Steven Kent Winery Cabernet Sauvignon - Retail $48
Dark ruby color with plum skin, dark cherry, low-key spice, dark chocolate, and cedar wood aromas. On the palate it’s medium-bodied, lush and concentrated with solid acidity and plum, blackberry, black cherry, cassis, dark chocolate and vanilla flavors with well-integrated dusty sweet tannins. Medium finish. Blend of 85% Cabernet Sauvignon (from the Home Ranch, Ghielmetti Estate, and Smith vineyards), 12% Petit Verdot, and 3% Merlot. Aged 24 months in 75% new oak, a blend of 52% French, 43% American, and 5% Hungarian barrels. Very good; 86-88 pts

2013 Urban Legend Barbera Rosato di Barbera Holland Landing - Retail $19
Deep pink color with wild strawberry and low key wet stone aromas. It’s more interesting on the palate. It approaches medium-bodied and is dry and fresh with strawberry, tart cherry,spice and mineral flavors. Medium finish Very good; 86-88 pts

2012 Smith Madrone Riesling - Retail $27
Very pale slightly green tinged straw color with appealing petrol, stone fruit, lime, wet stone, and a hint of lychee aromas. On the palate it approaches medium-bodied and is dry, clean, focused, and well-structured with peach, lime, passion fruit and mineral flavors. Long persistent finish. 12.5% alcohol. Made from 40 year old vines. Very Good to Outstanding; 89-91 pts

2010 Big Basin Vineyards Odeon - Retail $48 
Opaque violet color with very appealing baked and fresh dark fruit, smoke,marzipan and violet aromas. On the palate, it’s full-bodied, and well structured, with very good acidity, dusty well-integrated tannins and a supple texture. It shows ample high-toned red currant, baked blackberry, black raspberry, spice and vanilla flavors with a roast coffee finish. 14.5% alcohol. Outstanding; 92-95 pts

2012 Vigneto San Vito – Orsi Pignoletto Colli Bolognesi Classico Vigna del Grotto - Retail $23
Slightly cloudy gold color (unfiltered) with lime zest, honeysuckle,and stone fruit aromas. On the palate, it’s full-bodied, fresh, and very persistent with a wonderfully supple texture. Flavor-wise it shows white peach, lime, honey, a bit of lemon and a suggestion of persimmon flavors with a long mineral laced finish. Bottled unfiltered. Battonage during 6 months sur lie aging in large oak casks impart some complexity and a wonderful creaminess. 13% alcohol Very good; 86-88 pts

Wine of the Week + Food and Wine Pairing of the Week 

My Wine of the Week is from Big Basin Vineyards, which is a family owned and operated winery. Founder Bradley Brown is Winemaker and Proprietor (and Vineyard Manager)

Big Basin Vineyards was founded in 1998 on a historic site in the Santa Cruz Mountains next to Big Basin Redwoods State Park.  That’s the location of their estate and winery.  They also have a tasting room in Saratoga, which is where I’ve always gone to taste and pick up wine (Note to self: I must make it up to the estate in the SC Mountains!).

Big Basin Vineyards is among the 32 of California’s top Pinot Noir and Chardonnay producers to be represented at In Pursuit of Balance – one of the only wine tasting organizations in the US today that carefully selects it’s members through juried blind tastings by respected professionals.

The 2010 Big Basin Vineyards Odeon is a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah. The Cab was sourced from the Betchart Vineyard, directly across the road from Ridge’s Vineyard’s world famous Monte Bello vineyard, at 2,200 feet of elevation above Cupertino. The Syrah is from Coastview Vineyard at 2,300 feet in the Gabilan Mountains.

It’s one of the best Cab/Syrah blends I’ve ever had!

IMG_1967

My Food and Wine pairing of the Week was the wine we had for our Easter dinner – the 2012 Vigneto San Vito – Orsi Pignoletto.  It paired beautifully with our dinner of Roasted Halibut, King Crab legs and a Spinach Salad. It’s a wine a wine I discovered during my virtual tours of Italian wine regions with the #ItalianFWT group of food, wine and travel bloggers.  This Pignoletto, is a white grape variety indigenous to the Emilia-Romagna region. It’s a fantastic wine – full-bodied, creamy and fresh.  Highly recommended!

What was your Wine of the Week?  Any killer Food and Wine pairings?

Follow my reviews on Vivino 

Note. All wines were purchased for review unless otherwise indicated
_________________________________________________________________

Martin Redmond is a Financial Executive by day, and a certified wine geek with latent foodie tendencies the rest of the time. In addition to the wine lifestyle and food he enjoys family, fitness and traveling. He likes to get thoughts of wine off his mind by sharing experiences on his ENOFYLZ Wine blog, which features wine reviews, wine country travel, and wine and food pairings.

Follow me on Twitter @martindredmond for all things wine, and since I’m a wino, with latent foodie tendencies, you’ll also find food and wine pairings, and food related stuff! Become a fan and join ENOFYLZ Wine Blog on Facebook. Cheers! This article is original to ENOFYLZ Wine Blog.com. Copyright 2015 ENOFYLZ Wine BlogAll rights reserved.